Venous Disease is broken up into three separate but related categories to determine the best vein treatment option:
- Venous Insufficiency (VI)
- Iliac Venous Compression Syndrome (IVCS)
- Venous Thromboembolic Disease (VTE)
Venous Insufficiency (VI)
Venous insufficiency is the proper medical term when referring to such symptoms as spider veins and varicose veins, although several other symptoms often arise. Venous insufficiency is a common indicator that vein treatment is necessary.
Deep beneath the skin and within the fatty tissue of the legs lies a network of superficial veins which communicate with the deep system veins in the leg muscles. Small perforating veins act as bridges between these two vein systems to allow them to communicate.
The normal direction of blood flow within the body is from the feet upward toward the abdomen and heart; from superficial to deep system veins. Venous insufficiency occurs when the one-way valve fails to close tightly, resulting in increased pressure in the leg veins.
Vein treatment options are available in the Bonita Springs and Fort Myers areas that can treat venous insufficiency before it evolves into something more serious.
Iliac Venous Compression Syndrome (IVCS)
Iliac venous compression syndrome is a common cause of deep vein thrombosis or DVT. The iliac veins are below the groin and are broken up into four different types:
- External iliac veins
- Internal iliac veins
- Common iliac veins
- Inferior vena cava
The external iliac veins are the outflow veins while the other three types of iliac veins are the inflow veins which receive blood from the legs and direct it back to the heart.
IVCS occurs when the right common iliac artery applies enough compression on the left common iliac vein to result in a reduction in the venous outflow, causing pooling of the blood, which can then lead to blood clots.
Vein Specialist in the Bonita Springs and Fort Myers regions can diagnose such a dangerous venous disease and develop and carry out the best vein treatment plan to prevent a dangerous outcome.
Venous Thromboembolic Disease (VTE)
Venous Thromboembolic Disease includes both deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), which proper vein treatment can alleviate.
Deep vein thrombosis typically occurs when a blood clot forms within a deep vein the body, typically in the legs. Symptoms may include:
- Red or discolored skin
- Warm feeling in the leg
- Pain/cramping/soreness typically beginning in calf
A pulmonary embolism is the result of a piece of DVT breaking loose and traveling into the lungs, which can be fatal.
- Risk factors for VTE include:
- Venous insufficiency
- Iliac vein compression syndrome
When considering receiving vein treatment from Vein Specialists, it is important to weigh the risk of leaving these venous diseases left untreated versus receiving a thorough evaluation, diagnosis, and successful vein treatment.